AI is the intelligence demonstrated by machines, in contrast to the natural intelligence shown by man and animals. In IT, AI research is defined as the study of “intelligent agents”: any device that perceives its environment and undertakes actions that maximize its chances of successfully achieving its objectives. Colloquially, the term “artificial intelligence” is applied when a machine imitates the “cognitive” functions that humans associate with other human minds, such as “learning” and “problem solving”.

The scope of the IA is contested: when the machines become more and more capable, the tasks considered as requesting “intelligence” are often removed from the definition, a phenomenon known as the effect of AI, which leads to the joke, “artificial intelligence is all that has not yet been done “[3] For example, optical character recognition is often excluded from artificial intelligence, having become a routine technology [4]. Abilities generally classified as AI from 2017 successfully include understanding human language, top-level competition in strategic gaming systems (such as chess and Go), self-contained cars, intelligent routing in the content delivery network, and military simulations.


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